欢迎光临!
加入收藏设为首页请您留言
    网站首页 >> 道教文化 >> 经文解读 >> 道德经双译第39章

道德经双译第39章

2016-03-08 01:23:02 来源:海峡道教网——福建省道教协会 浏览:1628查看评论

本章内容可分为两部分。前一部分(从开头至“侯王无以为正将恐蹶”),从正反两方面分别论述“得一”的重要性。旨在教人与道合一。后一部分(其余内容),论述“贵以贱为本,高以下为基”的道理。旨在教人谦卑、处下。侯王之所以用“孤”、“寡”、“不穀”自称,便是“以贱为本”;若反之,而“致数誉”,则会导致“无誉”。因此,为人处世不要自我自贵居高,而要谦卑处下。
昔之得一者:自古以来,天地万物在得到“一”(即“道”)之后,便会出现如下的情形:天得一以清;天得到“一”之后,便会清明;地得一以宁;地得到“一”之后,便会安宁;神得一以灵;神明得到“一”之后,便会灵异神通;谷得一以盈;沟谷得到“一”之后,便会充盈;万物得一以生;万物得到“一”之后,便会生存;侯王得一以为天下正。侯王得到“一”之后,便会成为天下人所尊敬的正人君子或正派君长,从而使天下安定。
其致之:推而言之:天无以清,将恐裂;天如若没有得到“一”而不能清明,恐怕就要开裂;地无以宁,将恐发;地如若没有得到“一”而不能安宁,恐怕就要陷塌;神无以灵,将恐歇;神明如若没有得到“一”而不能灵异神通,恐怕就要失去其作用;谷无以盈,将恐竭;沟谷如若没有得到“一”而不能盈满,恐怕就要枯竭;万物无以生,将恐灭;万物如若没有得到“一”而不能生存,恐怕就要灭绝;侯王无以为正,将恐蹶。侯王如若没有得到“一”而不能成为天下人所尊敬的正人君子或正派君长,从而不能使天下安定,恐怕就要使自己受挫败。
故贵以贱为本,高以下为基。所以,尊贵以卑贱为根本,高者以低者为基础。是以侯王自谓孤﹑寡﹑不穀。因此,侯王自我谦称为“孤”、“寡”、“不穀”。此非以贱为本邪?这不就是把低贱当作根本吗?非乎?难道不是这样的吗?故致数誉无誉。所以,追求各种(高贵的)美名,反而得不到(任何的)美名。不欲 录 录如玉,珞珞如石。(因此,)不要追求像稀少而华美的宝玉那样被人们所尊贵,而宁愿像众多而粗劣的石头那样被人们所卑贱。
Chapter 39
Introduction
This chapter can be divided into two parts. The first half (starting with the first sentence up to “If the kings ...., they could not become the upright leaders and might even suffer downfall.") discusses the importance of attaining Oneness (the Dao) from both the positive and negative aspects. It aims to teach people to become one with the Dao. The second half (the rest of the chapter) discusses the theory-“that which is noble stems from humble roots, and that which is high is built from a low base.” It teaches people to be unpretentious and humble. Kings calling themselves “the lonely,” “the virtueless” and “the worthless” are proof of them being humble as the basis for them being noble. On the contrary, when one has excessive concern for reputation, one will find oneself in disrepute. Therefore, people should take the principle: remain modest, unpretentious, and simple instead of being arrogant, self-important, and pretentious.

Text
Since the beginning of time, for those that attained Oneness (the Dao):
The Heavens attained Oneness and became clear and bright;
The Earth attained Oneness and became stable and peaceful;
The Deities attained Oneness and became numinous;
Valleys attained Oneness and became full.
All creatures attained Oneness and were able to live and grow.
Kings attained Oneness and became upright leaders and brought order and security to the land.
From this it may be inferred:
If the Heavens did not attain Oneness, they could not become clear and might even break apart;
If the Earth did not attain Oneness, it could not become stable and might even collapse;
If the Deities did not attain Oneness, they could not become numinous and might even lose their roles (in the Heavens);
If the valleys did not attain Oneness, they could not become filled and might even dry up;
If all creatures did not attain Oneness, they could not live and grow and might even die out;
If the kings did not attain Oneness, they could not become upright leaders and might even suffer downfall.
Therefore, that which is noble stems from humble roots, and that which is high is built from a low base.
Thus kings call themselves “the lonely”, “the virtueless” and “the worthless.”
This is being humble as the basis for being noble, is it not?
Hence, having excessive concern for reputation, one will not be admired.
For this reason,
It is better to remain firm and plain like common stone than to be striking and precious like jade.

相关文章
发表评论
网名:
评论:
验证:
查看该文章的所有评论(网友评论仅供表达个人看法,并不表明本站同意其观点或证实其描述)
栏目导航
道协简介 - 道协机构 - 联系我们 - 道协留言

海峡道教—福建省道教协会
闽ICP备17030913号
Copyright 2012-2021, 版权所有 海峡道教网—福建省道教协会 .