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道德经双译第43章

2016-07-10 08:52:18 来源:海峡道教网—福建省道教协会 浏览:135查看评论
文_东方  清辉
本章老子以“天下之至柔,驰骋天下之至坚”的自然现象,来论述“柔弱胜刚强”、了解“无为之有益”,旨在教人守柔弱、行无为。
天下之至柔,驰骋天下之至坚。天下最柔弱的事物(如“水”),可以在天下最坚硬的东西之中畅通无阻。无有入无间,“至柔者虽没有形迹,却能穿入于没有间隙的至坚事物之中。吾是以知无为之有益。我因此了解了“无为”是有益处的。
不言之教,无为之益,天下希及之。施行“不言”的教化,了解“无为”的益处,天下很少有人达到 “不言”和“无为”的境界。
Chapter 43
Introduction
In this chapter, Lao Tzu again discusses the principle that “the supple and weak can conquer the hard and strong” through this natural phenomenon: “The softest thing in the world can freely pass in and out of the hardest thing.” He expounds on the benefit of non-purposeful action (wú wéi 无为) to encourage people to model themselves on it.
Text
The softest thing in the world can freely pass in and out of the hardest thing.
Leaving no traces, the softest thing can enter that which has no spaces or cracks.
That is how I know the benefit of non-purposeful action (wú wéi).
Teaching without words and deriving benefit from non-reckless behavior,
Few people in the world can realize such a state.
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