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道德经双译 第45章

2016-10-19 15:06:55 来源:海峡道教网—福建省道教协会 浏览:410查看评论
本章老子从辩证法的角度论述有道之士的所作所为,旨在教人做到清静无为。盖若能做到清静无为,方可达到“大成若缺”、“大盈若冲”、“大直若屈”、“大巧若拙”、“大辩若讷”的境界。达到这种境界便具有“大德”,就可以成为天下人的楷模,并可以使天下安定。
大成若缺,其用不弊;最完备者好像有所欠缺似的,它的作用却永远不会衰竭;大盈若冲,其用不穷。最充实者好像空虚似的,它的作用却永远不会穷尽。
大直若屈,最正直者好像弯曲似的;大巧若拙,最灵巧者好像笨拙似的;大辩若讷。最善辩者(即最有口才的人)好像说话迟钝似的。
躁胜寒,急剧运动能够克服寒冷;静胜热,身心安静能够克服炎热;清静为天下正。(遵行)清静无为便能够成为天下人的楷模,并可以使天下安定。
Chapter 45
Introduction
In order to help people to reach the state of pure tranquility and abandon reckless behaviors (qīng jìng wú wéi清静无为), this chapter discusses the behavioral styles of the people who have attained Dao through dialectical perspectives. By reaching the state of pure tranquility and without reckless behavior, one will act as “the most perfect”, “the most full”, “the most straight”, and with “the greatest skill” and “the greatest eloquence”. Based on that, one will become a model for all the people and cause the world to become ordered and stable. Text
What is most perfect seems to have something missing;
But its usefulness cannot be exhausted.
What is most full seems to be empty;
But its usefulness cannot be infinite.
The most straight seems to be crooked.
The greatest skill seems to be clumsy.
The greatest eloquence seems like fumbling for words.
Strenuous activity overcomes the cold.
Tranquility of mind overcomes the heat.
Being pure and tranquil, one can become a model for all the people and cause the world to become ordered and stable.
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